Abdirahman Dahir Osman, the Minister for Education and Higher Education, Somalia

Abdirahman Dahir Osman, the Minister for Education and Higher Education, Somalia By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

March 23, 2017

Abdirahman Dahir Osman is a great, very competent man and Abdirahman Dahir Osman has been appointed as the Somali minister of education and higher education, the Federal Government of Somalia.  Somalia, the Horn of Africa nation is now battling an al-Shabaab insurgency after two decades of civil war.

Abdirahman Dahir Osman is an experienced educationalist from Somalia; he has dual Somali and Norwegian citizenship and he has been working in education for over 15 years and he has a master degree from the University of Oslo, Norway.

Before his appointment as Minister for Education and Higher Education, Mr. Osman was Education Capacity Expert at the UNESCO Juba, South Sudan, Senior Technical Advisor-Education at the Ministry of Education of Somalia, Somalia, Education Specialist at the UNCHR, Dadaab, Kenya, project manager education at the Norwegian Refugees Committee (NRC), Mogadishu, Somalia, Education Specialist at the UNICEF, Damascus, Syria, Konsulent,  Flyktningkontoret-Sandvika, Norway, Program Manager at the Hiiraan Information & Reseach Center HIR, Hiran, Somalia.

Abdirahman Dahir Osman’s contribution to the education in Somalia is immense.  Mr. Osman is a well-educated man, thoughtful and well-read, and he has learned a great deal about the history, politics, culture, and social issues of Somalia and the wider Horn of Africa.  He is optimistic: he always hopes for the best and does his best to ensure everyone has equal rights. He advocates for democracy, fairness, and justice in Somalia and does all he can educate his people.  I am very delighted and proud that Abdirahman Dahir Osman has been appointed as the Somali minister of education and higher education, the Federal Government of Somalia.  Congratulations to Abdirahman Dahir Osman!  I will pray for his and Somalia’s success.

“ALLA BISADU BASAR XUMAA, MA SOOMAALI BAA?” « ALAS, WHY IS THE CAT SO ILL-MANNERED, IS SHE NEXT OF KIN TO SOMALIS!? »

Jan. 20, 2014

“ALLA BISADU BASAR XUMAA, MA SOOMAALI BAA?”« ALAS, WHY IS THE CAT SO ILL-MANNERED, IS SHE NEXT OF KIN TO SOMALIS!? » By Dr. Said S. Samatar

DISCLOSURE:  The above was imparted to me by the late and much-lamented Abdullahi Haaji Abdurahman, better known by his nickname of Abdullahi Suuryaan, the ROVER.  In Abdullahi’s telling, this is the title of a play penned by a Somali dramatist who had done a surprisingly un-Somali thing: he spent months of patient labor studying cat habits before embarking on his dramatic work.  If a play of this name and a playwright exist, would he, please, make contact so that his amazing effort can be translated into English and placed ON-LINE.  His patience in cat work, especially, stands out in marked contrast to the notoriously impatient and unstable Somali personality.

According to the late eminent Somali psychologist, Daud H. Ali, who I referenced in an earlier piece(Wardheernews, July, 2013), “The average Somali wakes up in the morning and inevitably asks two questions:” 1. “Maanta maxaan cunaa?, “How do I eat today?”, 2.  Dooda socotana, see baan la iiga rayn?” “How do I prevail in the raging argument of the day?”  “Barri, sidoo kale,” “Tomorrow, likewise.” “Saa dembe, si doo kale,” “Day after tomorrow, likewise,” “Saakuun, si doo kale,” “Day after, likewise.”  Each day, in Daud’s rendering, the average Somali takes a new position diametrically opposed to the one he had taken the day before.  “And nobody,” said Daud, “calls him on it.”  Undoubtedly, Daud put his finger on our tragedy as a nation: a total absence of individual responsibility, except “tolla’ayeey,” “O, Kinsmen, help,” when he gets in trouble.

Back to the cat: no language I know of, has a richer treasure trove of cat-names than Somali.  Consider this: 1.  Mukulaal, Benaadiri word for cat, probably of Indian origin. 2. Yaanyuuro, an onomatopoetic loan word from Swahili, 3. Dummad, Arabic loan word for cat. 4. Finally, Bisad, a corrupted mispronunciation of the ancient Egyptian “bistait.”  The bistait was worshipped by the ancient Egyptians as the goddess of music, dancing and partying, most likely a reference to the athletic  nature of cat sex!.  And I learned today from Abdelkarim of Wardheernes that the Somalis of Jigjiga call the Cat “Basho.”  If so, a fifth Somali word for this mysterious animal.  Maybe more names will pop out when the article hits the Internet!

Unlike the dog, who quietly sits in a designated corner, faithfully serving his master by obeying each and every command, the cat is congenitally and fatally disloyal and pays his/her master no attention, except when howling for food.  Further, also unlike the dog, the cat absconds herself in the best possible niche in the house, usually the bed in the bedroom.  Moreover, she is sexually the most promiscuous of beings, animal or human, forever frolicking with a tomcat, thereby saddling her master with a houseful of kittens perhaps every couple of months.  Indeed, the cat stands out as the very personification of sexual immorality.   Thus, the unusually sexually loose person is anathematized as having the manners of “an alley cat!”

Clearly like the cat, Somali men are incorrigible baby generators, leaving a brood of offspring in every town, country, or continent they set foot on.  I could cite my Old Man, the venerable Sheikh Samatar, as an example of reckless baby-making.  He—this is getting uncomfortably close; I’d better cease and desist. As for “basar-xumo,” or “ill-manners,” we Somalis invented  the art of bad manners in league, as it were, with the cat in creative unruliness.  The subject of Somali basar-xomu is too vast to do justice to in the limited space of this piece.  I will therefore content myself with two remarkable vignettes.  1.  In the late 1960s I was returning from Ethiopia, where I  completed high school education in the town of Adama, then called Nazareth, right in the depths of the Rift Valley.  (To engage in an aside, the Oromo word Adama shares a kinship affinity with the Somali Haadaan, or a deep precipice.)   At the Mogadishu airport, I chanced, to my delight, upon that noblest of all noble men, former president, Aadan Abdulle Ismaan.  I had no idea whether he was leaving or arriving.  He had no bodyguard or an assistant of any sort.  (Such was the simplicity of this great man.)  He was shepherding his luggage through the baggage area when two thugs belonging to a clan that was then riding high—I am reluctant to name names for reasons of charity, perhaps of self-interest—began to crowd him, shoving and almost pushing him.

Fellow Somalis—ruminate, if you are capable of ruminating: such discourteous , nay, ugly treatment of a former president who made history by relinquishing power after losing an election, instead of doing the African Thing: calling in the troops to stage a coup, thereby making mockery of fair play and the democratic process.  Such dissing of, surely, the greatest Somali that ever lived.  Few species of the human race are capable of such galloping basar-xumo.

The second vignette: in the 1980s a group of Leelkase youths were visiting my home in South Orange, New Jersey.  The ubiquitous sugary and Hayl(ed) Somali tea was served and the inevitable banter ensued—typically Somali—with no deference to age, achievement or ability, just fast and furious banter.  Then a callow youth, a seventeen-year old, as I guessed, sallied forth and reported, puffed up with pride, how he ran into former prime minister Abdirizak H. Hussein(in New York?)  and, provoked by thoughts of the memory of the great Leelkase-Umar Mahamuud/Majeerteen feud in the early 1960s, began to verbally assault Mr. Rizak, spewing out at him the ugliest of vituperation.   “Shocking” would not do justice to the outrage that blazed through my body.  Astonishing!  This illiterate youth was boasting in my house, right in front of me, how he had insulted a former prime minister and one of the ablest of Somali leaders!  He was thrown out of the house in quick order for his pains.

Mr. Rizak, as I stated in an autograph in my first book to him, ran the cleanest and most well-oiled administration in Somali history (1965-68?).  Does anybody remember the legendary  “Busto Roso,” or the “Red Envelope,” with which his administration became synonymous?   When Rizak assumed premiership, he began at once to clean the Augean Stables of Government, by mass-firing hordes of his own Majeerteen kin, including a brother, leeches who, in the corrupt patronage network of the previous administration, battened on state coffers without responsibility.  They were issued red envelopes which informed  of their sacking.  Hence “Busto Roso.”

THE SHABBY STIFFING OF M. S. TOGANE

The third vignette with which I conclude: this is red-hot off the iron, as I learned of it today.  According to the information that came my way, a crew of Daaroods, largely Majeerteen, were having a gathering in Toronto, Canada, to celebrate the election of a new president in Puntland, and to hail the outgoing president for the dignity with which he accepted his electoral defeat.  I have heard several versions of what transpired at the meeting.  Version 1:  Trusting to his misplaced faith in the natural goodness of the Daarood, especially Majeerteen, whose praise songs he has been singing of late, Togane showed up uninvited at the meeting.  Hence,   he was blackballed.  Version 2:  The meeting was almost wrecked on account of schismatic battles between two factions – a faction that supported Mr. Faroole, notably the Iisa-Mahamuud; the other, namely, the Umar-Mahamuud who were rooting for Mr. Abdi-Walle, the new president;  and Version 3:  the new president ordered, through his agents at the meeting, the stiffing of Togane.  Whatever version, this was no honorable moment for the Daarood.  Whatever happened to intellectual/professional independence!?

In any society other than Somalis’, Togane’s family name alone should have earned him participation in the meeting.  Remember the exploits of the elder Togane in colonial times.  In the 1950s Italians in Somalia were bent on re-tribalizing the Somalis, who were beginning to develop some measure of national consciousness.  The Italian political officer, aided by a cadre of fascist gendarmerie, rounded up droves of Somalis, requiring them to quit this “nationalist nonsense” and return to their clan allegiance by identifying themselves by their respective clan names.  Any Somali who refused to do so was roughed up by the gendarmerie.  When the elder Togane’s turn came up, he was asked “Yaad Tahay?”  Instead of saying, “I am Abgaal,” as the political officer expected him to do, the brave Togane said, “I am a Somali.”  The gendarmerie proceeded to work him—well, work him real good, as the colloquialism has it.  Again, “Yaad Tahay?”   Togane, “I am a Somali.”  This time he was badly pommeled, “Yaad Tahay?”    Togane: “Caawa Jow Abgaal!”  Translation: “Only tonight am I an Abgaal.”  The phrase stuck, becoming a popularly quoted line throughout the then Italian Somalia.

Meantime, in the projected summer meeting in Minnesota, I suggest that, in a bid to redeem their lost honor, that particular group of Daaroods invite Togane as a keynote speaker.  Otherwise, the Cat Basar-Xumo is bound to haunt them.

 

 

 

The DIVIDE and RULE TACTICS of HASSAN SHEIK MOHAMUD against the PEOPLE of HIRAN and ALL SOMALIS By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

The DIVIDE and RULE TACTICS of HASSAN SHEIK MOHAMUD against the PEOPLE of HIRAN and ALL SOMALIS By Yusuf Hussein Hassan
OCT. 17, 2016

“Freedom is never voluntary given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed” Martin Luther King.

Yusuf Hussein HassanThe Divide and rule tactics: Hassan Sheik Mohamud of Somalia used the divide and rule tactics against the people of Hiran and all Somalis. This corrupt and dictatorial government in Mogadishu, whose term expired in September 2016 and their cohorts used many stupid people from Hiran against the people of Hiran and against all Somalis. Also, money from the UN, the Western world, and other world financiers were used against the people of Hiran and against all Somalis. The corrupt and dictatorial governments in Mogadishu and their cohorts have so much money from the UN, the Western world, and other world financiers and they bribe the corrupt traditional leaders and others in Jowhar and then these traditional leaders and others do what this corrupt and dictatorial government tells them.

These stupid people from Hiran in the Hirshabelle group are really stupid. The Hirshabelle idea is ridiculous. Their members of parliament, their leaders and their cohorts they chose are a bunch of idiots. These leaders and cohorts of the so-called Hirshaballe are wasting their time and having a fantasy. This Hirshabelle group is living in a fantasy world. These people from Hiran in the Hirshabelle group do not know the value of the Hiran State; they only care about gaining the power. Also, they do not know the value of the rights and freedoms of the Hiran people and for all Somalis and they do not care about the rights and freedoms of the Hiran people and for all Somalis.

Rights and Freedoms are very important for every person in Hiran, for every person in Somalia and for every person in this world. The people of Hiran have stood up for their rights and freedoms. The people of Hiran have taken a stand for their rights and freedoms against the corrupt and dictatorial government in Mogadishu, whose term expired in September 2016 and their cohorts. But many stupid people from Hiran and money from the UN, Western world and other world financiers were used against the people of Hiran and all Somalis. This corrupt and dictatorial government in Mogadishu and their cohorts did not let the people of Hiran to make their own decisions and to form their own state, the Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic and to choose their leaders.

The people of Hiran expressed their gratitude to everyone for the support. The people of Hiran will never give up the formation for Hiran, the Hiran State – a member state of the Somali Federal Republic The vast majority of the Hiran people are very optimistic and they always hope for the best and do their best to provide everyone with equal rights. They advocate for democracy, fairness, and justice in Somalia and do all they can do for their people and for all Somalis and for the country. The people of Hiran stand up for their rights and for the rights of all Somalis. The people of Hiran and all Somalis will never give up their rights and freedoms. The Hiran people do not need someone else to tell them what to do. Only the people of Hiran can decide for themselves; only the people of Hiran can decide the state’s future. The people of Hiran decided to choose their own leaders and to form their own state.

The Hiran State will be represented in the Upper and Lower House of the Somali Federal Republic and will have a voice in the decision-making process. The Members of Parliament in the Upper and Lower Houses from the Hiran State will be chosen in Beledweyne by the people of Hiran. The rights and freedoms for the people of Hiran and all Somalis must be protected.

The stupid people from Hiran in the Hirshabelle group do not care about and they do not know the early Hiran, when Hiran was one of eight administrative regions after Somalia gained independence in 1960. The first Somali president was from Hiran. Hiran was never split and the rest of the seven regions were split into seventeen regions. The people of Hiran always wanted Hiran to be one of the member states in the Somali Federal Republic as Hiran was one of eight administrative regions in 1960. There were 18 regions in Somalia when the civil war broke out in 1991 in Somalia and the country was destroyed and Somalia is currently battling an al-Shabaab insurgency. Many people in Somalia do not get health care and education. The young generation has not received education and all they have seen is the violence and chaos in Somalia.

Also, there is The African Union Mission (AMISOM) of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti – peacekeeping mission in Somalia approved by the UN. AMISOM under the banner of peacekeepers seem to focus more on a desire to usurp the financial support donated to Somalia and pledged by the world community, mainly from the West. The UN cannot bring about change in Somalia’s security. The Somalis are the only people who can change the situation in Somalia and bring peace to Somalia. Somalis must fight against corruption in Somalia. Only Somalis can solve the country’s problems. The current administrations of the neighbouring nations benefit from the dire situation in Somali. Their aim is to get attention and money from the Western world and other world financiers.

Also, there is a sea boundary case at the International Court of Justice – the IJC, at The Hague (Netherlands), a case brought by Somalia against Kenya – a dispute between Somalia and Kenya about the sea boundary in the Indian Ocean.  Somalia strongly asked the International Court of Justice at The Hague to rule the sea boundary between Somalia and Kenya. Somalia also utterly refused the Kenya’s argument “the world court has no jurisdiction because there are two other methods for resolving the dispute — a 2009 memorandum of understanding between the two countries and a United Nations maritime treaty.” Kenya also argued there is a security situation in Somalia. The sea boundary case is currently with the IJC and the IJC at The Hague will decide whether to take up the case or not in the next two to three months.

The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885 – the partition (dividing) of Africa – Africa was colonized and divided among European powers. Somalia was divided into five regions – Italian Somaliland, British Somaliland, French Somaliland, Somali region – NFD was given to Kenya by the British Empire and Somali region was given to Ethiopia by the British Empire. Many countries including the neighbouring countries do not favor a united Somalia.
Somalia is a country with a beautiful people strategically located in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean in the east, Ethiopia in the west, Kenya in the southwest and Djibouti in the northeast.

Hiran is one of the densely populated regions of Somalia with people from diverse clans and it is located in the centre of Somalia. Beledweyne city is the capital of Hiran, about 350 km north of Mogadishu, and there is a very popular song about Beledweyne called “Beledweyn”. Hiran has the Shabelle River which zigzags through the region and fertile farming and grazing land encourage agriculture.

The people of Hiran decided to pool their resources to have a strong state – Hiran State and rebuild their state with better roads, schools, hospitals and etc. – that will benefit the people of Hiran and all Somalis.

Currently, the Somali parliament members (clan-based parliament – so-called “formula 4.5”) are selected by traditional leaders. The president is elected by these parliament members – Upper and Lower House. The president appoints the prime minister, who is approved by the parliament, and the prime minister appoints his/her cabinet, the ministers in the cabinet, and the government institutions that are then approved by the parliament. As a result, the genuine Hiran traditional leaders must be included among the elders who will select the Member of Parliament in 2016, as they are Somali traditional leaders.

There are many people or politicians from Hiran in Mogadishu ready and willing to bribe the National electoral commission in Mogadishu and other government officials to become members of parliament or members of the government—say, a minister representing their region or clan. These politicians do not care about their region; they only care about gaining power. Most Somali politicians or leaders claim they are protecting their people; however, they have their own hidden agenda to protect and promote their personal aggrandizements such as power, money, and fame at the expense of their own people and country. Clearly, these Somali politicians or leaders do not care about the Somali people and the country.

News agencies – gatekeepers from the major News Corporations – BBC, VOA or others, including the Somali version do not allow accurate reporting and insightful and reliable coverage of political, economic, social, security and media news to the long-suffering Somalis and the generous international audiences. These news agencies – the gatekeepers and their cohorts often misinform and mislead the passive powerless audiences, sensationalize what is happening in Hiran and the rest of Somalia. They often glorify the stupid Somalis and other thugs.

For the past twenty-five years, the vast majority of the Somali politicians and their cohorts have not shown any real interest in a creating a Somalia nation because of their selfishness and power-grabbing mentality. Their real fear is ceding power to a contending clan, which will have the sole controlling the power of the Somali people. Then their chance of sharing the power of the clan-based government would go flying out the window. This premise may ring true when we think of what has been happening in the country for the last five decades or so. Somalis have tolerated this one clan domination system in their country. Somalis relied on a careless selfish political system of the military regime and the previous corrupt governments. Then again, Somalis have carelessly relied on these power-hungry people in Mogadishu and their cohorts to correct the past mistakes.

The colonialism, European powers in Somalia, dictatorship government and divide and rule era is over. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa needs to refrain from chasing the dream of state formation for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region if it wants to help Somalia. Also, the current colonial system – the ruling classes of exploiter states, including the Somali government and their cohorts in Mogadishu, whose term expired in September and IGAD have no right to interfere in the internal affairs of Hiran, and they must let the people of Hiran make their own decisions.

Hassan Sheik Mohamud of Somalia pursued a policy of divide and rule – divide and rule tactics; he worked to block the Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic. As a result, Hassan Sheik Mohamud of Somalis began to divide the people of Hiran and all Somalis into separate groups. It seems that he clearly intends to create conflicts and clan frictions among the people of Hiran and among all Somalis, which will cause the loss of lives of innocent people, refugees, internally displaced people, famine, and destruction. Finally, Hassan Sheik Mohamud does not care about the Somali people and the country, he only cares about regaining the power. The people of Hiran and all Somali will never give up the state formation for Hiran, the Hiran State – a member state of the Somali Federal Republic.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan majored in sociology (four year program) with a minor in communication studies at the university of Windsor, Canada and Postgraduate certificate in African studies at Ohio University, USA.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan
Windsor, ON. Canada
E-contact: yusuf.h.hassan@gmail.com

POWER to the PEOPLE of HIRAN and to ALL SOMALIS By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

POWER to the PEOPLE of HIRAN and to ALL SOMALIS By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

OCT. 14, 2016

“Freedom is never voluntary given by the oppressor; it must be demanded by the oppressed” Martin Luther King.

Yusuf Hussein HassanThe people of Hiran celebrated the beginning of their own state – the Hiran State after a long peaceful struggle for freedom and the rights of the Hiran people and for all Somalis.   The people of Hiran finally gained their freedom and rights to form their own state – the Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic and to choose their leaders.  The regional officials, clan elders, religious leaders, youth and women’s representatives, civil society organizations, politicians, ordinary citizens, and genuine Hiran traditional leaders took part in the state formation conference for the Hiran region in Beledweyne.

The people of Hiran expressed their gratitude to everyone for the support. The Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic was officially recognized by the people of Hiran, by other Somalis in the country or in the Diasporas, and by the world community.  The vast majority of the Hiran people are very optimistic and they always hope for the best and do their best to provide everyone with equal rights. They advocate for democracy, fairness and justice in Somalia and do all they can do for their people and for all Somalis and for the country.  The people of Hiran stand up for their rights and for the rights of all Somalis.

The Hiran State will be represented in the Upper and Lower House of the Somali Federal Republic and will have a voice in the decision-making process. The Members of Parliament in the Upper and Lower Houses from the Hiran State will be chosen in Beledweyne by the people of Hiran.

When the people of Hiran and the Hiran Diasporas learned the good news about the Hiran State, they began to dance and cheer as their new state was formally declared.  Then, they celebrated this historic victory for Hiran.

To initiate the celebration process, the people of Hiran talked about Hiran, the cradle of Somalia independence details the highlights of the history of Hiran. The Hiran people do not need someone else to tell them what to do. Only the people of Hiran can decide for themselves; only the people of Hiran can decide the state’s future. The people of Hiran decided to choose their own leaders and to form their own state.

Finally, the people of Hiran and the Hiran Diasporas discussed information regarding the new state: the Hiran State and the early Hiran, when it was one of eight administrative regions after Somalia gained independence in 1960. The first Somali president was from Hiran. Hiran was never split and the rest of the seven regions were split into seventeen regions. The people of Hiran always wanted Hiran to be one of the member states in the Somali Federal Republic as Hiran was one of eight administrative regions in 1960. There were 18 regions in Somalia when the civil war broke out in 1991 in Somalia and the country was destroyed and Somalia is currently battling an al Shabaab insurgency. Many people in Somalia do not get health care and education. The young generation has not received education and all they have seen is the violence and chaos in Somalia.

There is The African Union Mission (AMISOM) of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti – peacekeeping mission in Somalia approved by the UN. AMISOM under the banner of peacekeepers seem to focus more on a desire to usurp the financial support donated to Somalia and pledged by the world community, mainly from the West.  The UN cannot bring about change in Somalia’s security. The Somalis are the only people who can change the situation in Somalia and bring peace to Somalia. Somalis must fight against corruption in Somalia. Only Somalis can solve the country’s problems. The current administrations of the neighbouring nations benefit from the dire situation in Somali. Their aim is to get attention and money from the Western world and other world financiers.

Also, there is a sea boundary case at the International Court of Justice – the IJC, at The Hague (Netherlands), a case brought by Somalia against Kenya – a dispute between Somalia and Kenya about the sea boundary in the Indian Ocean.

Somalia strongly asked the International Court of Justice at The Hague to rule the sea boundary between Somalia and Kenya.  Somalia also utterly refused the Kenya’s argument “the world court has no jurisdiction because there are two other methods for resolving the dispute — a 2009 memorandum of understanding between the two countries and a United Nations maritime treaty.” Kenya also argued there is a security situation in Somalia.  The sea boundary case is currently with the IJC and the IJC at The Hague will decide whether to take up the case or not in the next two to three months.

The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885 – the partition (dividing) of Africa – Africa was colonized and divided among European powers. Somalia was divided into five regions – Italian Somaliland, British Somaliland, French Somaliland, Somali region – NFD was given to Kenya by the British Empire and Somali region was given to Ethiopia by the British Empire. Many countries including the neighbouring countries do not favor a united Somalia.

Somalia is a country with a beautiful people strategically located in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean in the east, Ethiopia in the west, Kenya in the southwest and Djibouti in the northeast.

Hiran is one of the densely populated regions of Somalia with people from diverse clans and it is located in the centre of Somalia. Beledweyne city is the capital of Hiran, about 350 km north of Mogadishu, and there is a very popular song about Beledweyne called “Beledweyn”. Hiran has the Shabelle River which zigzags through the region and fertile farming and grazing land encourage agriculture.

The people of Hiran decided to pool their resources to have a strong state – Hiran State and rebuild their state with better roads, schools, hospitals and etc. – that will benefit the people of Hiran and all Somalis.

Currently, the Somali parliament members (clan-based parliament – so called “formula 4.5”) are selected by traditional leaders. The president is elected by these parliament members – Upper and Lower House. The president appoints the prime minister, who is approved by the parliament, and the prime minister appoints his/her cabinet, the ministers in the cabinet, and the government institutions that are then approved by the parliament. As a result, the genuine Hiran traditional leaders must be included among the elders who will select the Member of Parliament in 2016, as they are Somali traditional leaders.

There are many people or politicians from Hiran in Mogadishu ready and willing to bribe the National electoral commission in Mogadishu and other government officials to become members of parliament or members of the government—say, a minister representing their region or clan. These politicians do not care about their region; they only care about gaining power. Most Somali politicians or leaders claim they are protecting their people; however, they have their own hidden agenda to protect and promote their personal aggrandizements such as power, money and fame at the expense of their own people and country. Clearly, these Somali politicians or leaders do not care about the Somali people and the country.

News agencies – gatekeepers from the major News Corporations – BBC, VOA or others, including the Somali version do not allow accurate reporting and insightful and reliable coverage of political, economic, social, security and media news to the long suffering Somalis and the generous international audiences. These news agencies – the gatekeepers and their cohorts often misinform and mislead the passive powerless audiences, sensationalize what is happening in Hiran and the rest of Somalia. They often glorify the stupid Somalis and other thugs.

For the past twenty five years, the vast majority of the Somali politicians and their cohorts have not shown any real interest in a creating a Somalia nation because of their selfishness and power-grabbing mentality. Their real fear is ceding power to a contending clan, which will have the sole controlling the power of the Somali people. Then their chance of sharing the power of the clan-based government would go flying out the window. This premise may ring true when we think of what has been happening in the country for the last five decades or so. Somalis have tolerated this one clan domination system in their country. Somalis relied on a careless selfish political system of the military regime and the previous corrupt governments. Then again, Somalis have carelessly relied on these power-hungry in Mogadishu and their cohorts to correct the past mistakes.

The colonialism, European powers in Somalia and dictatorship government era is over. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa needs to refrain from chasing the dream of state formation for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region if it wants to help Somalia. Also, the current colonial system – the ruling classes of exploiter states, including the Somali government and their cohorts in Mogadishu, whose term expired in September and IGAD have no right to interfere in the internal affairs of Hiran, and they must let the people of Hiran make their own decisions.  This historic victory of the Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic, is the start of a new era of peace and prosperity for the people of Hiran and for all Somalis.  Power to the people of Hiran and to all Somalis.  Congratulations to the people of Hiran and to all Somalis!

Yusuf Hussein Hassan majored in sociology (four year program) with a minor in communication studies at the university of Windsor, Canada and Postgraduate certificate in African studies at Ohio University, USA.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan
Windsor, ON. Canada
E-contact: yusuf.h.hassan@gmail.com

The PEOPLE of HIRAN CELEBRATES the HIRAN STATE, a MEMBER STATE of the SOMALI FEDERAL REPUBLIC By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

The PEOPLE of HIRAN CELEBRATES the HIRAN STATE, a MEMBER STATE of the SOMALI FEDERAL REPUBLIC By Yusuf Hussein Hassan
OCT. 10, 2016

Yusuf Hussein HassanThe people of Hiran celebrated the beginning of their own state – the Hiran State – after regional officials, clan elders, religious leaders, youth and women’s representatives, civil society organizations, politicians, ordinary citizens, and genuine Hiran traditional leaders took part in the state formation conference for the Hiran region in Beledweyne.

The Hiran State was officially recognized by the people of Hiran, by other Somalis in the country or in the Diasporas, and by the world community. The vast majority of the Hiran people are very optimistic and they always hope for the best and do their best to provide everyone with equal rights. They advocate for democracy, fairness and justice in Somalia and do all they can help their people and the country.

The Hiran State will be represented in the Upper and Lower House of the Somali Federal Republic and will have a voice in the decision-making process. The Members of Parliament in the Upper and Lower Houses from the Hiran State will be chosen in Beledweyne by the people of Hiran.

When the people of Hiran and the Hiran Diasporas learned the good news about the Hiran State, they began to dance and cheer as their new state was formally declared. Then, they celebrated this historic victory for Hiran.

To initiate the celebration process, the people of Hiran talked about Hiran, the cradle of Somalia independence details the highlights of the history of Hiran. The Hiran people do not need someone else to tell them what to do. Only the people of Hiran can decide for themselves; only the people of Hiran can decide the state’s future. The people of Hiran decided to choose their own leaders and to form their own state.

Finally, the people of Hiran and the Hiran Diasporas discussed information regarding the new state: the Hiran State and the early Hiran, when it was one of eight administrative regions after Somalia gained independence in 1960. The first Somali president was from Hiran. Hiran was never split and the rest of the seven regions were split into seventeen regions. The people of Hiran always want Hiran to be one of the member states in the Somali Federal Republic as Hiran was one of eight administrative regions in 1960. There were 18 regions in Somalia when the civil war broke out in 1991 in Somalia and the country was destroyed and Somalia is currently battling an al Shabaab insurgency. Many people in Somalia do not get health care and education. The young generation has not received education and all they have seen is the violence and chaos in Somalia.

There is The African Union Mission (AMISOM) of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti – peacekeeping mission in Somalia approved by the UN. AMISOM under the banner of peacekeepers seem to focus more on a desire to usurp the financial support donated to Somalia and pledged by the world community, mainly from the West. The UN cannot bring about change in Somalia’s security. The Somalis are the only people who can change the situation in Somalia and bring peace to Somalia. Somalis must fight against corruption in Somalia. Only Somalis can solve the country’s problems. The current administrations of the neighbouring nations benefit from the dire situation in Somali. Their aim is to get attention and money from the Western world and other world financiers.

Also, there is a sea boundary case at the International Court of Justice – the IJC, at The Hague (Netherlands), a case brought by Somalia against Kenya – a dispute between Somalia and Kenya about the sea boundary in the Indian Ocean.

Somalia strongly asked the International Court of Justice at The Hague to rule the sea boundary between Somalia and Kenya. Somalia also utterly refused the Kenya’s argument “the world court has no jurisdiction because there are two other methods for resolving the dispute — a 2009 memorandum of understanding between the two countries and a United Nations maritime treaty.” Kenya also argued there is a security situation in Somalia. The sea boundary case is currently with the IJC and the IJC at The Hague will decide whether to take up the case or not in the next two to three months.

The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885 – the partition (dividing) of Africa – Africa was colonized and divided among European powers. Somalia was divided into five regions – Italian Somaliland, British Somaliland, French Somaliland, Somali region – NFD was given to Kenya by the British Empire and Somali region was given to Ethiopia by the British Empire. Many countries including the neighbouring countries do not favor a united Somalia.

Somalia is a country with a beautiful people strategically located in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean in the east, Ethiopia in the west, Kenya in the southwest and Djibouti in the northeast.

Hiran is one of the densely populated regions of Somalia with people from diverse clans and it is located in the centre of Somalia. Beledweyne city is the capital of Hiran, about 350 km north of Mogadishu, and there is a very popular song about Beledweyne called “Beledweyn”. Hiran has the Shabelle River which zigzags through the region and fertile farming and grazing land encourage agriculture.

The people of Hiran decided to pool their resources to have a strong state – Hiran State and rebuild their state with better roads, schools, hospitals and etc. – that will benefit the people of Hiran and all Somalis.

Currently, the Somali parliament members (clan-based parliament – so called “formula 4.5”) are selected by traditional leaders. The president is elected by these parliament members – Upper and Lower House. The president appoints the prime minister, who is approved by the parliament, and the prime minister appoints his/her cabinet, the ministers in the cabinet, and the government institutions that are then approved by the parliament. As a result, the genuine Hiran traditional leaders must be included among the elders who will select the Member of Parliament in 2016, as they are Somali traditional leaders.

There are many people or politicians from Hiran in Mogadishu ready and willing to bribe the National electoral commission in Mogadishu and other government officials to become members of parliament or members of the government—say, a minister representing their region or clan. These politicians do not care about their region; they only care about gaining power. Most Somali politicians or leaders claim they are protecting their people; however, they have their own hidden agenda to protect and promote their personal aggrandizements such as power, money and fame at the expense of their own people and country. Clearly, these Somali politicians or leaders do not care about the Somali people and the country.

The colonialism, European powers in Somalia and dictatorship government era is over. The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa needs to refrain from chasing the dream of state formation for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region if it wants to help Somalia. Also, the current colonial system – the ruling classes of exploiter states, including the Somali government and their cohorts in Mogadishu, whose term expired in September and IGAD have no right to interfere in the internal affairs of Hiran, and they must let the people of Hiran make their own decisions. This historic victory of the Hiran State, a member state of the Somali Federal Republic, is the start of a new era of peace and prosperity for the people of Hiran and for all Somalis. Congratulations to the people of Hiran and to all Somalis!

Yusuf Hussein Hassan majored in sociology (four year program) with a minor in communication studies at the university of Windsor, Canada and Postgraduate certificate in African studies at Ohio University, USA.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan
Windsor, ON. Canada
E-contact: yusuf.h.hassan@gmail.com

A Somali Tragedy

A Somali Tragedy

By Abdullahi Dool OCT. 8, 2016

daud-hassan-aliThe tragic news of the murder of Daud Hassan Ali is shocking news to all Somalis who knew him back home and in the Diaspora. I have known Daud Hassan Ali since 1992 having met him in central London and found him a conscientious and patriotic Somali who even from abroad never ceased to work hard to foster education for the people of Hiiraan, his region of origin.  His enthusiasm lay behind the building of a school and a library in Beletweyn. He was the principal of that school.

Daud, who was born in Somalia in 1944, has moved to the UK in 1967 after winning a scholarship to study in Britain. After finishing his studies, he worked as a teacher and later as an educational psychologist for Birmingham City Council. He made regular trips back to Somalia and in 2004 decided to brave the dangers of his homeland and returned to Beletweyn to set up the school.

On 13 April 2008 Daud was murdered by militants along with four of his teachers and assistants. A Christian Somali, it seems likely he lost his life because of his faith. Religion should always be a matter between the individual and his or her Creator. The Almighty did not ordain a monolithic world inhabited only by one race and one religion. Rather, the Almighty created a pluralistic and diverse world where different specie, nations and religions coexist. Nor did He tell us to despise anyone because of race, religion or political opinions.

From the Qur’an, Al Baqara (The Heifer), verse 62, we learn: Those who believe in the message of the Qur’an, and those who follow the Jewish [Scriptures], and the Christians and the Sabians ­– any who believe in God and the Last day, and work righteousness – shall have their reward with their Lord. On them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.

We also learn from Al Baqara (The Heifer) in verse256, Let there be no compulsion in religion. Truth stands out clear from error. Whoever rejects evil and believes in God hath grasped the most trustworthy hand hold, that never breaks. And God heareth and knoweth all things.

Obviously among the biggest earthly crimes is the unlawful taking of life. The new Somalia we help create needs to be a tolerant nation where people of different race, religion and belief can visit, live and work together. Daud had a lot to offer to his nation and his community, but sadly he is no more. Every Somali is the poorer.

Only the people of Hiran can decide its future By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

Only the people of Hiran can decide its future By Yusuf Hussein Hassan

SEPT. 25, 2016

Yusuf Hussein HassanThe people of Hiran does not need someone to tell the people of Hiran what to do, only the people of Hiran can decide for themselves – Only the people of Hiran can decide its future. The people of Hiran decided to choose their own leaders and form their own state – Hiran State.

Currently, there is a state formation conference in Beledweyne for the Hiran region.  The people of Hiran feel that this is a historic victory for Hiran. Regional officials, clan elders, religious leaders, youth and women’s representatives, civil society organizations, politicians, ordinary citizens and all the genuine Hiran traditional leaders are taking part in the state formation conference in Beledweyne for the Hiran region.

The people of Hiran must choose their own leaders – members of parliament – upper and lower house and members of the government representing the Hiran state.  The people of Hiran feel they will be represented in the government and the parliament and have a voice in the decision-making process. Also, the people of Hiran must form their own state – Hiran State – a member state of the Somali Federal Republic.

Hiran was one of the eight administrative regions when Somalia gained independence in 1960. The first Somali president was from Hiran. Hiran was never split and the rest of the seven regions were split into seventeen regions. The people of Hiran want Hiran to be one of the member states in the Somali Federal Republic as Hiran was one of the eight administrative regions in 1960. There were 18 regions in Somalia when the civil war broke out in 1991 in Somalia and the country was destroyed and Somalia is currently battling an al Shabaab insurgency. Many people in Somalia do not get health care and education. The young generation has not received education and all they have seen is the violence and chaos in Somalia.

There is the African Union Mission (AMISOM) of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti – peacekeeping mission in Somalia approved by the UN. AMISOM under the banner of peacekeepers seem to focus more on a desire to usurp the financial support donated to Somalia and pledged by the world community, mainly from the West.  The UN cannot bring about change in Somalia’s security. The Somalis are the only people who can change the situation in Somalia and bring peace to Somalia. Somalis must fight against corruption in Somalia. Only Somalis can solve the country’s problems. The current administrations of the neighbouring nations benefit from the dire situation in Somalia. Their aim is to get attention and money from the Western world and other world financiers.

Also, there is a sea boundary case at the International Court of Justice – the IJC, at The Hague (Netherlands), a case brought by Somalia against Kenya – a dispute between Somalia and Kenya about the sea boundary in the Indian Ocean.

Somalia strongly asked the International Court of Justice at The Hague to rule the sea boundary between Somalia and Kenya.  Somalia also utterly refused the Kenya’s argument “the world court has no jurisdiction because there are two other methods for resolving the dispute — a 2009 memorandum of understanding between the two countries and a United Nations maritime treaty.” Kenya also argued there is a security situation in Somalia.  The sea boundary case is currently with the IJC and the IJC at The Hague will decide whether to take up the case or not in the next two to three months.

The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885 – the partition (dividing) of Africa – Africa was colonized and divided among European powers. Somalia was divided into five regions – Italian Somaliland, British Somaliland, French Somaliland, Somali region – NFD was given to Kenya by the British Empire and Somali region was given to Ethiopia by the British Empire. Many countries including the neighbouring countries do not favor a united Somalia.

Somalia is a country with a beautiful people strategically located in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean in the east, Ethiopia in the west, Kenya in the southwest and Djibouti in the northeast.

Hiran is one of the densely populated regions of Somalia with people from diverse clans and it is located in the centre of Somalia. Beledweyne city is the capital of Hiran, about 350 km north of Mogadishu, and there is a very popular song about Beledweyne called “Beledweyn”. Hiran has the Shabelle River which zigzags through the region and fertile farming and grazing land encourage agriculture.

Currently, the Somali parliament members (clan-based parliament – so called “formula 4.5”) are selected by traditional leaders. The president is elected by these parliament members – upper and lower house. The president appoints the prime minister, who is approved by the parliament, and the prime minister appoints his/her cabinet, the ministers in the cabinet, and the government institutions that are then approved by the parliament. As a result, the genuine Hiran traditional leaders must be included among the elders who will select the Member of Parliament in 2016, as they are Somali traditional leaders.

The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa needs to refrain from chasing the dream of the state formation for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region if they want to help Somalia. The Somali government term expired and IGAD have no right to interfere in the internal affairs of Hiran and they must let the people of Hiran make their own decisions. The people of Hiran utterly refused to take part in the state formation conference in Jowhar for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle regions spearheaded by the federal government of Somalia term expired and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).

There are many people or politicians from Hiran in Mogadishu ready and willing to bribe the National electoral commission in Mogadishu and other government officials to become members of parliament or members of the government—say, a minister representing their region or clan. These politicians do not care about their region; they only care about gaining power. Most Somali politicians or leaders claim they are protecting their people; however, they have their own hidden agenda to protect and promote their personal aggrandizements such as power, money and fame at the expense of their own people and country. Clearly, these Somali politicians or leaders do not care about the Somali people and the country.

The Somali Federal Republic must honestly believe that people of Hiran is telling the truth and also fully recognize the people of Hiran’s need to from their own state – Hiran State – a member state in the Somali Federal Republic. This is the only real, peaceful solution to a member state in the Somali Federal Republic. Hiran also must get the help they need from the world community, the United Nations’ organization and others.

The federal parliament and government of Somalia in Mogadishu term expired must deeply feel the need to treat the people of Hiran with respect.

The people of Hiran decided to pool their resources to have a strong state – Hiran State and rebuild their state with better roads, schools, hospitals and etc. – that will benefit the people of Hiran and the whole Somalis.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan majored in sociology (four year program) with a minor in communication studies at the university of Windsor, Canada and Postgraduate certificate in African studies at Ohio University, USA.

Yusuf Hussein Hassan
Windsor, ON. Canada
E-contact: yusuf.h.hassan@gmail.com