Only the people of Hiran can decide its future By Yusuf Hussein Hassan
SEPT. 25, 2016
The people of Hiran does not need someone to tell the people of Hiran what to do, only the people of Hiran can decide for themselves – Only the people of Hiran can decide its future. The people of Hiran decided to choose their own leaders and form their own state – Hiran State.
Currently, there is a state formation conference in Beledweyne for the Hiran region. The people of Hiran feel that this is a historic victory for Hiran. Regional officials, clan elders, religious leaders, youth and women’s representatives, civil society organizations, politicians, ordinary citizens and all the genuine Hiran traditional leaders are taking part in the state formation conference in Beledweyne for the Hiran region.
The people of Hiran must choose their own leaders – members of parliament – upper and lower house and members of the government representing the Hiran state. The people of Hiran feel they will be represented in the government and the parliament and have a voice in the decision-making process. Also, the people of Hiran must form their own state – Hiran State – a member state of the Somali Federal Republic.
Hiran was one of the eight administrative regions when Somalia gained independence in 1960. The first Somali president was from Hiran. Hiran was never split and the rest of the seven regions were split into seventeen regions. The people of Hiran want Hiran to be one of the member states in the Somali Federal Republic as Hiran was one of the eight administrative regions in 1960. There were 18 regions in Somalia when the civil war broke out in 1991 in Somalia and the country was destroyed and Somalia is currently battling an al Shabaab insurgency. Many people in Somalia do not get health care and education. The young generation has not received education and all they have seen is the violence and chaos in Somalia.
There is the African Union Mission (AMISOM) of Uganda, Burundi, Ethiopia, Kenya, and Djibouti – peacekeeping mission in Somalia approved by the UN. AMISOM under the banner of peacekeepers seem to focus more on a desire to usurp the financial support donated to Somalia and pledged by the world community, mainly from the West. The UN cannot bring about change in Somalia’s security. The Somalis are the only people who can change the situation in Somalia and bring peace to Somalia. Somalis must fight against corruption in Somalia. Only Somalis can solve the country’s problems. The current administrations of the neighbouring nations benefit from the dire situation in Somalia. Their aim is to get attention and money from the Western world and other world financiers.
Also, there is a sea boundary case at the International Court of Justice – the IJC, at The Hague (Netherlands), a case brought by Somalia against Kenya – a dispute between Somalia and Kenya about the sea boundary in the Indian Ocean.
Somalia strongly asked the International Court of Justice at The Hague to rule the sea boundary between Somalia and Kenya. Somalia also utterly refused the Kenya’s argument “the world court has no jurisdiction because there are two other methods for resolving the dispute — a 2009 memorandum of understanding between the two countries and a United Nations maritime treaty.” Kenya also argued there is a security situation in Somalia. The sea boundary case is currently with the IJC and the IJC at The Hague will decide whether to take up the case or not in the next two to three months.
The scramble for Africa – Berlin Conference of 1884 – 1885 – the partition (dividing) of Africa – Africa was colonized and divided among European powers. Somalia was divided into five regions – Italian Somaliland, British Somaliland, French Somaliland, Somali region – NFD was given to Kenya by the British Empire and Somali region was given to Ethiopia by the British Empire. Many countries including the neighbouring countries do not favor a united Somalia.
Somalia is a country with a beautiful people strategically located in the Horn of Africa, bordering the Gulf of Aden in the north, the Indian Ocean in the east, Ethiopia in the west, Kenya in the southwest and Djibouti in the northeast.
Hiran is one of the densely populated regions of Somalia with people from diverse clans and it is located in the centre of Somalia. Beledweyne city is the capital of Hiran, about 350 km north of Mogadishu, and there is a very popular song about Beledweyne called “Beledweyn”. Hiran has the Shabelle River which zigzags through the region and fertile farming and grazing land encourage agriculture.
Currently, the Somali parliament members (clan-based parliament – so called “formula 4.5”) are selected by traditional leaders. The president is elected by these parliament members – upper and lower house. The president appoints the prime minister, who is approved by the parliament, and the prime minister appoints his/her cabinet, the ministers in the cabinet, and the government institutions that are then approved by the parliament. As a result, the genuine Hiran traditional leaders must be included among the elders who will select the Member of Parliament in 2016, as they are Somali traditional leaders.
The Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD) in Eastern Africa needs to refrain from chasing the dream of the state formation for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle region if they want to help Somalia. The Somali government term expired and IGAD have no right to interfere in the internal affairs of Hiran and they must let the people of Hiran make their own decisions. The people of Hiran utterly refused to take part in the state formation conference in Jowhar for the Hiran and Middle Shabelle regions spearheaded by the federal government of Somalia term expired and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD).
There are many people or politicians from Hiran in Mogadishu ready and willing to bribe the National electoral commission in Mogadishu and other government officials to become members of parliament or members of the government—say, a minister representing their region or clan. These politicians do not care about their region; they only care about gaining power. Most Somali politicians or leaders claim they are protecting their people; however, they have their own hidden agenda to protect and promote their personal aggrandizements such as power, money and fame at the expense of their own people and country. Clearly, these Somali politicians or leaders do not care about the Somali people and the country.
The Somali Federal Republic must honestly believe that people of Hiran is telling the truth and also fully recognize the people of Hiran’s need to from their own state – Hiran State – a member state in the Somali Federal Republic. This is the only real, peaceful solution to a member state in the Somali Federal Republic. Hiran also must get the help they need from the world community, the United Nations’ organization and others.
The federal parliament and government of Somalia in Mogadishu term expired must deeply feel the need to treat the people of Hiran with respect.
The people of Hiran decided to pool their resources to have a strong state – Hiran State and rebuild their state with better roads, schools, hospitals and etc. – that will benefit the people of Hiran and the whole Somalis.
Yusuf Hussein Hassan majored in sociology (four year program) with a minor in communication studies at the university of Windsor, Canada and Postgraduate certificate in African studies at Ohio University, USA.
Yusuf Hussein Hassan
Windsor, ON. Canada